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Ski Slope Access for
by Bill Jones, Ski Instructor
Certified Professional Ski Instructor (Registration #110478), Level III
private ski lessons at Keystone, Breckenridge, Vail, Beaver Creek, Arapahoe Basin, other areas
Many ski resorts in the United States operate on
federal lands with
exclusive use permits from the U.S. Forest Service. In these cases resorts pay
fees to the federal government for the privilege of providing and charging for
services on these lands. Often such resorts own land at lift bases where they operate lodging, food service,
ski rentals, accommodations, and lift access, but the lifts themselves and the
slopes skiers use may be on national forest lands, especially in Colorado and
the rest of the West. Thus, while non-ski-school persons may teach others on the national
forest slopes, in most cases they cannot legally do so for compensation. In these cases, only the ski resorts
can lawfully provide instruction for which a charge is made, which is only fair
so they do not have to compete with those who would otherwise avoid the fees the
resorts pay and the standards which they must meet. And the resorts do enforce this business practice with security
personnel who observe on-slope teaching by non-staff or off-duty employees and
take action against violators.
In other cases, resorts
operate on their own or on leased lands, and are equally opposed to
non-personnel teaching for pay on their properties.
Of course, ski school lanes cannot be used to
access lifts by non-staff or off-duty teachers. If a black-market instructor is
caught by a resort and removed from the area, a lesson session would be
terminated . Even so, the so-called
"underground" ski school has existed and may still, but to ask a professional to
participate is to ask him or her to risk loss of a career. Here is a personal
aside: Bill Jones knows of an underground instructor who went to work for a ski
school; during the entire season he had the worst guest return rate of all
instructors and then failed the required fitness test and can no longer teach at
that ski school. How would you know not to hire him, or even to take his advice
free? Too, should there be an injury in an
"underground" lesson to the instructor--an instructor might not receive help
from a health insurance company, if any, for policies may not be intended to
cover non-pay situations, and there would be no workman's
compensation. If there was an injury to a student that might be blamed on
the instructor, 'though a case that might not succeed anyway, that student may find suing a person without resources a futile
exercise. There could
easily be issues with the Internal Revenue Service and the Social Security
Administration as well.
Please do not ask Bill
Jones or any other person to teach outside the established, lawful, system.
For the same viewpoint see the Professional Ski Instructors Association
magazine 32 Degrees, Fall 2012, page 90. "Underground Teaching: you don't
want to go there", by Dave Byrd, director of Risk and Regulatory Affairs for the
National Ski Areas Association.
Here's a copy of a TV article on the subject:
Breckenridge Tries To Stop Illegal
September 30, 2012 4:29 PM
BRECKENRIDGE, Colo. (CBS4) – The Breckenridge
Ski Area has a problem on its hands heading into ski season as
people are giving ski lessons illegally. Now the town may step in to
The police department said it’s about safety, but one thing
that’s unique with Breckenridge is that the base areas are within
the town limits, so while it’s a federal violation right now, the
town also wants to make it illegal.
“It’s amazing how many people do advertise, especially on sites
like Craigslist, and the ski areas monitor that,” Assistant Police
Chief Greg Morrison said.
Breckenridge Ski Area and the town want to crack down even harder
on the dangerous niche industry. Illegal ski lessons are a federal
crime because it happens on Forest Service property. But with few
law enforcement officers around the ski resorts in the winter, it’s
also a hard crime to catch.
“It’s total common sense. It’s better for everybody. The Forest
Service, they support it also,” Morrison said.
Morrison told CBS4 about a case last year where a family paid
$400 for an illegal private lesson.
“Pretty soon they came to the attention of the Ski Patrol, who
found out, here are these people up in an advanced area who
obviously couldn’t ski down,” Morrison said. “Any of them could have
easily been hurt.”
What makes the violation an even bigger logistical nightmare is
that cases are heard in federal court.
“They would all have to drive to either Denver or Grand Junction
for federal court, whereby having it in municipal court it stays
right here in Breckenridge.”
With a hefty fine and even jail time, the police think the law
would eliminate the few people who think about breaking the law.
“It has good teeth in it and this also allows us to do stings a
little more readily.”
It’s not quite singed into the town’s law yet, but the resort and
the police department said they’re hoping it will be in place for
opening day on Nov. 19.
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